At any given moment, there are 31 million Americans suffering from back pain. For some, the pain has become so routine that they don’t even question it. It’s just a fact of life. Some may not even know why their back pain exists.
If you often experience lower back pain when bending over but don’t know why you’ll find 5 common causes below.
1. Muscle Strain or Ligament Sprain
The most common and least severe cause of lower back pain is muscle or ligament strain. Muscle strain happens when a muscle gets stretched beyond its capabilities, causing a minor tear. A ligament sprain happens in the same way.
A strain or sprain can happen at once or can be experienced as a cumulative effect over time. Lifting heavy objects with poor form, bad posture, or a bad fall can all lead to muscle strain or ligament sprain.
2. Herniated Disc
A spinal disc is a jelly-like cushion between the vertebrae in your spine. When they get dislodged, the disc breaks through an outer-layer, irritating the nerves surrounding it. Herniated discs can theoretically happen anywhere on the spine, but 95% of herniated discs occur in the lower lumbar spine.
A disc can herniate as a result of the same actions as a ligament sprain and can happen to anyone — young or old.
3. Degenerative Disc Disease
Speaking of seniors, degenerative disc disease is another cause of chronic low back pain that is most commonly found in the older adults.
In our youths, our jelly-like discs are plump and hydrated, providing fantastic cushion and lubrication for our spine. Over time, however, our discs tend to dry out. This breakdown of our spinal cushioning leads to chronic pain and makes us more prone to herniation.
Osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis in which the connective tissue and cartilage in our joints break down over time. This form of arthritis is can be found all over your body (especially your hands and knees), but it can also hit your back.
Like Degenerative Disc Disease, Osteoarthritis weakens the cushioning in your spine and makes it painful to move and perform everyday tasks.
5. Spinal Stenosis
“Stenosis” is derivative of a Greek word meaning “choking.” This refers to the narrowing of the spinal column, which happens as a cumulative effect of degenerative diseases like DDD or Osteoarthritis. Over time, Spinal Stenosis weakens your whole spinal column, degrading vertebrae and connective tissue alike.
Stenosis can lead to severe lower back pain, but most commonly felt as a pain in the legs, with a numbness or weakness emanating from the lower back.
Do You Have Lower Back Pain When Bending Over?
If you experience lower back pain when bending over, hopefully, this guide has given you some ideas as to why. If you suspect your back pain is a result of any one of these causes, contact us immediately. Our team of chiropractors can give you the pain relief you desperately need.